Tennessee Code Annotated

Title 40: Criminal Procedure

Chapter 33: Forfeitures

Part 2: Forfeiture Procedures Generally

TCA 40-33-211: Property disposition.

(a) The proceeds from all seizures, confiscations and sales made by a state agency pursuant to SC 39-14-307, SC 47-25-1105, SC 53-11-451, SC 55-10-414, SC 57-3-411, SC 57-5-409, SC 57-9-201, SC 67-4-1020 or SC 70-6-202, shall be transmitted to the state treasurer and deposited in the state treasury. All the seizures, confiscations and sales made by county or municipal law enforcement personnel shall be paid to the county trustee or city recorder, respectively, and shall be used exclusively for the benefit of the seizing county or municipality for law enforcement or drug education purposes. All such seizures, confiscations and sales derived from the activities of a judicial district drug task force shall be paid to an expendable trust fund maintained by the county mayor in a county designated by the district attorney general, and shall be used exclusively in a drug enforcement or drug education program of the district as directed by the board of directors of the judicial district drug task force. If any other provision of law requires that the proceeds from seizures, confiscations and sales made under one (1) of the sections set out in this subsection (a) be deposited in a special fund, the provisions of that other provision shall control.

(b) Funds derived from seizures, confiscations and sales shall not be used to supplement the salaries of any public employee or law enforcement officer. All purchases made from the proceeds shall be made in accordance with existing purchasing statutes, including private acts, which establish purchasing provisions or requirements for the county or municipality.

(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (a) and (b) to the contrary, the revenue derived from the sale of vehicles forfeited under the authority of SC 55-50-504(h) shall be distributed as follows:

(1) The revenue shall be retained by the entity, either the state or local government, which was responsible for the seizure. The revenue shall be used during each fiscal year to compensate the entity for reasonable and direct expenses involved in the confiscation, towing, storage, and sale of the forfeited vehicles. All expenses claimed by the entity shall be subject to audit and review by the comptroller of the treasury for the purpose of determining that expenses claimed by the entity are direct and reasonable;

(2) (A) Any remaining revenue shall be transmitted to the department of mental health and substance abuse services no later than June 30 of each fiscal year. This revenue shall be placed in a special fund to be known as the "alcohol and drug addiction treatment fund" and shall be available for use after July 1, 1998, to pay the cost of alcohol and drug addiction treatment for persons certified for the treatment by order of either general sessions or criminal court judges, pursuant to a plan and procedures developed by the department of mental health and submitted to the general assembly prior to July 1, 1998. Any moneys in the alcohol and drug addiction treatment fund administered by the state treasurer shall be transferred to the alcohol and drug addiction treatment fund administered by the department of mental health on April 8, 1998. The alcohol and drug addiction treatment fund shall be administered pursuant to rules promulgated by the department of mental health and substance abuse services, which shall establish criteria for application of the funds;

(B) The rules promulgated by the department of mental health and substance abuse services shall include application of a portion of the funds up to a total of two hundred thousand dollars ($200,000), and any grants, gifts, contributions, or other appropriations made to supplement the funds for services related to compulsive gambling disorder, to provide prevention, early intervention, assessment or referral, and evaluation services related to compulsive gambling disorder which shall include all of the following:

(i) Establishing an information and referral hotline to provide public education regarding compulsive gambling and to make treatment referrals;

(ii) Coordinating activities, services and gathering data on the prevalence of problems regarding compulsive gambling;

(iii) Training personnel in the prevention of gambling disorders and in the screening and assessment of these disorders;

(iv) Making assessment services available through local treatment providers; and

(v) Providing development and maintenance of treatment services only to the extent that funds exist to do so and still accomplish the goals intended by creation of the alcohol and drug treatment addiction fund;

(C) Subdivision (c)(2)(B) shall not be construed to be an appropriation of funds and no funds shall be obligated or expended pursuant to subdivision (c)(2)(B) unless the proposed improvement for the alcohol and drug treatment fund for fiscal year 2004-2005 is included in the general appropriation act; and

(3) (A) If a court of competent jurisdiction orders a person to operate only a motor vehicle that is equipped with a functioning ignition interlock device and the judge makes a specific finding that the person is indigent, all costs associated with the lease, purchase, installation, removal and maintenance of such device or with any other cost or fee associated with a functioning ignition interlock device required by title 55, chapter 10, part 4, shall be paid exclusively from the interlock assistance fund established pursuant to SC 55-10-419;

(B) Notwithstanding any other provision of title 55, chapter 10, no funds from the alcohol and drug addiction treatment fund administered by the department of mental health and substance abuse services shall be used for the lease, purchase, installation, removal or maintenance of such device or for any other cost or fee associated with a functioning ignition interlock device required by title 55, chapter 10, part 4.

(d) (1) An owner of property whose interest is forfeited after being arrested for, or charged with, any felony shall be ineligible to purchase the property from, or to bid at any sale of the property conducted by, the seizing agency or its agent.

(2) An owner whose interest is forfeited after being arrested for, or charged with, any felony, shall also be ineligible to redeem the property from, or to bid at any sale of the property by, a secured party acting pursuant to the agreement, contract or title 47, chapter 9.

(e) Nothing in this section shall be construed as prohibiting a state, county or municipal agency from using a seized vehicle in accordance with SC 53-11-201(b).

(f) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (a) and (b) to the contrary, the revenue derived from the sale of vehicles forfeited under the authority of SC 55-10-414 shall be distributed as follows:

(1) The revenue shall be retained by the entity, either the state or local government, which was responsible for the seizure. The revenue shall be used during each fiscal year to compensate the entity for reasonable and direct expenses involved in the confiscation, towing, storage, and sale of the forfeited vehicles. All expenses claimed by the entity shall be subject to audit and review by the comptroller of the treasury for the purpose of determining that expenses claimed by the entity are direct and reasonable;

(2) Any remaining revenue shall be transmitted to the department of mental health and substance abuse services no later than June 30 of each fiscal year. This revenue shall be placed in a special fund to be known as the "alcohol and drug addiction treatment fund" and shall be available for use after July 1, 1998, to pay the cost of alcohol and drug addiction treatment for persons certified for the treatment by order of either general sessions or criminal court judges, pursuant to a plan and procedures developed by the department of mental health and submitted to the general assembly prior to July 1, 1998. Any moneys in the alcohol and drug addiction treatment fund administered by the state treasurer shall be transferred to the alcohol and drug addiction treatment fund administered by the department of mental health on April 8, 1998; and

(3) (A) If a court of competent jurisdiction orders a person to operate only a motor vehicle that is equipped with a functioning ignition interlock device and the judge makes a specific finding that the person is indigent, all costs associated with the lease, purchase, installation, removal and maintenance of such device or with any other cost or fee associated with a functioning ignition interlock device required by title 55, chapter 10, part 4, shall be paid exclusively from the interlock assistance fund established pursuant to SC 55-10-421;

(B) Notwithstanding any other provision of title 55, chapter 10, part 4, no funds from the alcohol and drug addiction treatment fund administered by the department of mental health and substance abuse services shall be used for the lease, purchase, installation, removal or maintenance of such device or for any other cost or fee associated with a functioning ignition interlock device required by title 55, chapter 10, part 4.

(g) (1) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, the proceeds from all forfeitures of conveyances or real or personal property used in the commission of an offense under title 39, chapter 17, part 10 shall be transmitted to the general fund, where there is established a general fund reserve to be allocated through the general appropriations act, which shall be known as the child abuse fund. Moneys from the fund shall be expended to fund activities authorized by SC 39-13-530. Any revenues deposited in this reserve shall remain in the reserve until expended for purposes consistent with this section, and shall not revert to the general fund at the end of the fiscal year. Any excess revenues or interest earned by the revenues shall not revert at the end of the fiscal year, but shall remain available for appropriation in subsequent fiscal years. Any appropriation from the reserve shall not revert to the general fund at the end of the fiscal year, but shall remain available for expenditure in subsequent fiscal years.

(2) The general assembly shall appropriate, through the general appropriations act, moneys from the child abuse fund to the department of finance and administration for the child abuse fund. The appropriations shall be specifically earmarked for the purposes set out in SC 39-13-530.

(h) (1) Notwithstanding this section, the proceeds from all forfeitures of conveyances or real or personal property used in the commission of an offense under title 39, chapter 13, part 5, shall be transmitted to the general fund where there is established a general fund reserve to be allocated through the general appropriations act, which shall be known as the child abuse fund. Moneys from the fund shall be expended to fund activities authorized by SC 39-13-530. Any revenues deposited in this reserve shall remain in the reserve until expended for purposes consistent with this section, and shall not revert to the general fund on any June 30. Any excess revenues or interest earned by the revenues shall not revert on any June 30, but shall remain available for appropriation in subsequent fiscal years. Any appropriation from the reserve shall not revert to the general fund on any June 30, but shall remain available for expenditure in subsequent fiscal years.

(2) The general assembly shall appropriate, through the general appropriations act, moneys from the child abuse fund to the department of finance and administration for the child abuse fund. The appropriations shall be specifically earmarked for the purposes set out in SC 39-13-530.

History: Acts 1994, ch. 925, SC 1; 1995, ch. 514, SC 2; 1996, ch. 910, SCSC 2, 5; 1996, ch. 959, SC 4; 1997, ch. 148, SCSC 1-6; 1998, ch. 729, SCSC 1, 2; 2002, ch. 855, SCSC 3, 4, 14; 2003, ch. 90, SC 2; 2004, ch. 833, SC 1; 2006, ch. 960, SCSC 3, 5; 2007, ch. 586, SC 1; 2009, ch. 186, SC 5; 2010, ch. 921, SCSC 1, 2; 2010, ch. 1100, SC 66; 2012, ch. 575, SC 1; 2013, ch. 154, SC 35.